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NEW ZEALAND IS AN INDEPENDENT STATE. IT HAS GOT TOTAL AREA OF 269,000 SQUARE KILOMETRES. IT IS SITUATED TO SOUTH-EAST OF AUSTRALIA. NEARLY 3.5 MILLION PEOPLE LIVE IN THE COUNTRY. THE CAPITAL OF NEW ZEALAND IS WELLINGTON. (IT HAS BEEN THE CAPITAL SINCE 1865.) THE OFFICIAL LANGUAGE IS ENGLISH. THE CLIAMTE OF NEW ZEALAND IS MOIST. NEW ZEALAND IS RICH IN MINERALS. THERE ARE SOME MAIN INDUSTRIES IN THE COUNTRY, FOR EXAMPLE, IRON AND STEEL INDUSTRY. THE COUNTRY HAS GAS AND PETROLEUM. THERE ARE MANY MAUNTAINS IN NEW ZEALAND. THE HIGHEST IS MOUNT COOK (12,349 FEET).

THERE ARE MANY RIVERS AND LAKES IN THE COUNTRY. THE CHIEF RIVERS ARE THE WAIKATO AND THE WAIRU. YOU HAVE HEARD ABOUT THE NATIVE ANIMALS IN THE COUNTRY. ONE OF THEM IS THE KIWI. THIS INTERESTING BIRD LIVES IN THE WET PARTS OF THE THICK BUSHES. IN THE DAYTIME THE BIRD DOES NOT GO OUT. IT COMES OUT ONLY AT NIGHT TO FIND FOOD. KIWIS CANNOT FLY. MANY YEARS AGO KIWIS WERE HUNTED FOR FOOD. NOW THE GOVERNMENT DOES NOT PERMIT THE HUNTING OF KIWIS. THE KIWI IS NOW THE SUMBOL OF THE NEW ZEALAND PEOPLE. SMALL CHILDREN ARE OFTEN CALLED KIWIS.

NEW ZEALAND IS A SELF-GOVERNING STATE. THE PARLIAMENT CONSISTS OF ONE HOUSE ONLY, THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. THE PRIME MINISTER IS THE HEAD OF THE GOVERNMENT.

THERE ARA SOME POLITICAL PARTIES IN NEW ZEALAND. THEY ARE: THE LABOUR PARTY, THE NATIONAL PARTY, THE PARTY OF SOCIALIST UNITY AND OTHERS. NEW ZEALAND HAS GOT HEAVY INDUSTRY. THERE ARE MANY PLANTS IN THE COUNTRY. PAPER AND RUBBER INDUSTRIES ARE DEVELOPED TOO. NEW ZEALAND EXPORTS APPLES AND HONEY.

THERE ARE SOME BIG CITIES SUCH AS AUCKLAND, WELLINGTON, CHRISTCHURCH, DUNEDIN, NELSON. AUCKLAND, DUNEDIN, WELLINGTON ARE THE MAIN PORTS OF THE COUNTRY.

THE CAPITAL OF THE COUNTRY IS WELLINGTON. IT IS A FINANCIAL CENTRE TOO.

THE CITY WAS FOUNDED IN 1840.

THERE ARE SOME EDUCATIONAL AND CULTURAL INSTITUTIONS IN WELLINGTON. THEY ARE THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW ZEALAND, VICTORIA UNIVERSITY COLLAGE AND OTHERS. VICTORIA UNIVERSITY WAS ESTABLISHED IN 1897.

NEW ZEALAND IS A VERY INTERESTING AND BEAUTIFUL COUNTRY.

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